Unites States Capitol is the meeting place of the Congress and legislature of the United States of America. It is among the most symbolically important and architecturally impressive buildings in the nation.
The Unites States Constitution was ratified on 4 March 1789 and the Congress was established. At this point a the need for a permanent meeting place for the Congress was felt. Philadelphia was chosen as the temporary capital of the United States for 10 years while architects under Pierre Charles L’Enfant started work on the new capital in Washington DC.
Jenning’s Hill was chosen as the site for the proposed Capitol. A design competition was held and after rejection of many designs, one by William Thornton was selected. Construction started in 1791 with the cornerstone laid by George Washington. The Senate wing was completed by 1800, while the House wing could be completed only by 1811. The first session of the Congress was held in 1800 while the building was still under construction.
Guided tours of the historic Capitol begin at one of the Capitol Visitor Centre’s orientation theatres with a 13-minute film, “Out of Many, One,” which will take you on a journey through our country’s struggle to establish the world’s first truly representative democracy. The movie also introduces you to the magnificent building that houses the Congress of USA.
Inside the historic Capitol, visitors can see the Crypt, the Rotunda, and National Statuary Hall. All tours begin and end at the Capitol Visitor Centre.
Entrance Passes can be obtained from the offices of Senators or Representatives or online from U.S. Capitol Visitor Centre. International visitors can receive Gallery passes at the House and Senate Appointment Desks on the upper level of the Visitor Centre.
Cover Photo: noclip