Stonehenge is a prehistoric monument in Whiltshire, England. It is what remains of a ring of standing stones set within earthworks and is one of the most famous sites in the world.
Stonehenge was built by a culture which has not left any written record of themselves, so it is quite difficult to determine who those people were and how their lives used to be. Hence the origins of Stonehenge and its function are shrouded in mystery. Some theories also claim that it was used as an observatory, and some go as far as to say that it was built by extraterrestrials. However, the most widely accepted theory is that the monument was used as a burial place (as evident from the human remains found), a domain of the dead.
According to some experts, the earliest construction on the site of Stonehenge started around 6500 years ago though archaeologists have found Mesolithic stone postholes supporting timber posts of a structure, dating back to as far as 8000 BC. The first big structure consisting of a circular bank and ditch enclosure made of chalk was built around 3100 BC. From then, Stonehenge continued to evolve for nearly 1500 years in different phases of construction. Around 2600 BC, the builders of the monument discarded wood and made a switch to stones. Two concentric arrays of holes were dug up at the center of the site, supporting up to 80 pillar. The altar stone was set up in this period.
Around 100 years later, 30 enormous rocks, each weighing about 4 tonnes, were brought to the site, chiseled and placed in a circle with 30 stoned placed on the top making a complete circle. Some complex woodworking joining was involved in the process. Inside the circle, 5 trilithons were arranged in a horseshoe shape facing north-east. Though this defined how Stonehenge looks to us in the present times, work continued till 1600 BC.
|Days||Everyday except 24 and 25 Dec|
|Ting||1 Apr to 31 May||9:30 AM to 6:00 PM|
|1 Jun to 31 Aug||9:00 AM to 7:00 PM|
|1 Sep to 15 Oct||9:30 AM to 6:00 PM|
|16 Oct to 15 Mar||9:30 AM to 4:00 PM|
|16 Mar to 31 Mar||9:30 AM to 6:00 PM|
|Boxing Day and New Year’s Day||10:00 AM to 4:00 PM|
|Concessions (Students & Seniors)||£7.20|
|Children <5 years||FREE|
|Family Ticket2 Adults + 3 Children(5-11 years)||£20.80|
|Bus||From Heathrow Airport and Victoria Coach Station|
Photo Courtesy: runchuku.com
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