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Notre-Dame de Paris

Notre-Dame de Paris, also known as Notre-Dame Cathedral is an historic Roman Rite Catholic Marian cathedral at the Île de la Cité in the fourth arrondissement of Paris.


    After the Merovingian Cathedral in Paris was declared the “Parisian church of the kings of Europe”, the then Bishop of Paris, Maurice de Sully ordered that the building be brought down and a new glorious cathedral was built to suite its new role. Construction began in 1163 AD continued for a long time before being finally completed in 1345 AD. Over the period of construction, many architects worked on the building which is evident in varying styles at different levels. The building was remodeled in the Rayonnant style by Jean de Chelles and the gabled portal topped by a spectacular rose window were added during this period.

    Notre Dame de Paris suffered from acts of vandalism in the coming centuries, notable during the Huguenot riots. Major alterations happened during the times of Louis XIV and Louis XV and it often had undesirable effects. The Cathedral was handed over to the ‘Cult of Reason’ during the French Revolution and during this period, many of its treasures were plundered or destroyed. Virgin Mary on the altar was replaced by a Statue of Liberty and many statues of Biblical kings were decapitated. At one time, it was reduced to the status of a warehouse, used for storing food.

    Though restorations happened after 1845 AD under the supervision of Jean-Baptiste-Antoine Lassus and Eugène Viollet-le-Duc, the Cathedral suffered some more damage during the World War II. Finally in 1991 a major restoration program was started, lasting 10 years, where the old sculptures were scientifically cleaned and the structure was repaired.


    Days
    Everyday
    Timing
    Weekdays 8:00 AM to 6:45 PM
    Weekends 8:00 am to 7:15 PM
    Entrance Fee
    Free
    Cathedral Reception Timing
    Weekdays 9:30 AM to 6:00 PM
    Weekends 9:00 AM to 6:00 PM
    Reach
    RER Line B and C, Station Saint-Michel – Notre-Dame
    Metro Line 4 Station Cité or Saint-Michel
    Line 1, 11 Station Hôtel de Ville
    Line 10 Station Maubert-Mutualité or Cluny – La Sorbonne
    Lines 7, 11 et 14 Station Châtelet
    VÉLIB’ In the Île de la Cité :Station 4001 : 10 rue d’ArcoleStation 4002 : place Louis LépineStation 4003 : 1 quai au Fleurs
    Rive Gauche :Station 5009 : 6 rue du FouarreStation 5008 : 9 rue Dante
    Rive Droite:Station 4017 : 10 place de l’Hôtel de VilleStation 4016 : 3 rue Lobau
    Bus Lines Stop
    21, 38, 47, 85, 96 Cité – Palais de Justice
    47, Balabus Stop Cité – Parvis de Notre-Dame
    24, 47 Notre-Dame – Quai de Montebello
    24, 47 Petit Pont
    24, 27, Balabus Pont Saint-Michel – Quai des Orfèvres
    24, 27, 96, Balabus Saint-Michel
    21, 27, 38, 85, 96 Saint-Michel – Saint-Germain
    Taxi Parvis Notre-Dame (4th arrondissement)
    Place Saint-Michel (5th arrondissement)
    Place Maubert (5th arrondissement)


    Cover Photo: picmasta

    Reference: Wikipedia

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